011 646 2000 | Home | Contact | Brand Guidelines (Members) | Careers | Tenders & Zoo Information |    
Johannesburg Zoo
 
 
 
     
Top 4 Endangered
1. Scimitar Oryx
2. Wattled Crane
3. Black and white Ruffed Lemur
4. White Rhino

Animal Profiles

Top 5 Endangered

Scimitar Oryx

Oryx dammah
Family: Bovidae
STATUS: Endangered. Extinct north of the Sahara.

FEATURES
Whitish with russet-brown neck and chest and face markings. Horns shaped like a scimitar. Short mane, hump on shoulders, large hooves. 119cm at shoulder, weighs up to 204kg.

DIET
Grasses, leaves of shrubs, seedpods and fruits, tubers and bulbs of succulents.

DISTRIBUTION
Semi-desert.
Confined to a narrow strip near the Red Sea. (Formerly over most of north Africa.)

DID YOU KNOW..?
These antelope are endangered because of the spread of cattle into their habitat, and ungoverned hunting using helicopters and machine guns.

Wattled Crane



Bugeranus carunculatus
Family: Gruidae

STATUS: Critically Endangered - only about 230 left in the wild - a 35 % decline over the last 20 years.

FEATURES
Named for the red 'wattle' below its bill, this large grey and white bird is one of South Africa's three crane species.

DIET
Bulbs and rhizomes of aquatic plants, grain, grass seeds and insects.

BREEDING
1 - 2 eggs are laid, but only 1 chick is raised. Incubation 32 - 40 days.
They will desert their nest if disturbed.
Maturity is reached at 7 years and their breeding rate is the lowest of all cranes.

DISTRIBUTION
Wetlands, vleis in grassland.

Southern Africa & Ethiopia. In South Africa: Kwazulu Natal, Free State,
Mpumalanga, Eastern Cape.

DID YOU KNOW?
This is South Africa's second-rarest bird, due to habitat destruction, poisoning and power-line collisions.

Black and White Ruffed Lemur

Varecia variegata variegate
Status: Endangered

FEATURES
Largest of the lemurs at 3.3 to 4.5 kg. Their colour varies with locality. They call loudly when danger threatens, but keep in contact with quiet calls.
Little is known about these lemurs in the wild.

DIET
Vegetarian - fruits.

BREEDING
Pairs have strong bonds. Usually twin births.
These are the only lemurs to leave their young in the nest while mother forages.

DISTRIBUTION
East coast rain forest of Madagascar.

Because of its isolation from nearby Africa, all life forms on this large island evolved differently from similar forms elsewhere.

DID YOU KNOW..?
The name 'lemur' means ghost, because of the quiet way these animals move around and seem to disappear.


White Rhino

Ceratotherium simum
Family: Rhinocerotidae
STATUS: Threatened, but recovering from Endangered

FEATURES
The second-largest land mammal - 1,70 to 1,85m high at the shoulder; males weigh up to 2,300kg, females 1,700kg.
Form small groups of 4 to 8, led by a dominant bull. Enjoy mud-baths, which protect them from external parasites.

DIET
Short grass.

BREEDING
1 calf is born after 16 month gestation. The parents do not form long-term pairs.

DISTRIBUTION
Flat grassy plains with bushy cover, drier savanna.
Southern Africa - in Game Reserves in East and South Africa.

DID YOU KNOW..?
These animals are not white: early English colonists mistook the Dutch 'wyd' (wide) which described the animals' mouth.




Johannesburg Zoo
Copyright 2014 Johannesburg Zoo                                                                                                                                                 Back to Top

Designed by Studio 63